Mountaineering

Delhi to Delhi Tour program for Mountaineering itinerary for Uttarkashi Zone Uttarakhand













Day 01 Arrival at Delhi airport then proceeds to hotel.
Day 02 Hotel to IMF office (for official visit / IMF formalities)
Day 03 Delhi – Rishikesh
Day 04 Haridwar – Uttarkashi
Day 05 Uttarkashi – Gangotri (100 Kms. By road)
Day 06 Gangotri – take rest and Acclimatization
Day 07 Gangori – Bhojwasa (3790 M.)
Day 08 Bhojwasa – Nandanvan (4340 M.Base camp 1)
Day 09 Nandanvan – Start root open – then back to Base camp 1
Acclimatization/ Base camp establishment/ The initial two hour trek across alpine meadows and sandy flats is deceptively easy towards the base camp which we set for the further acclimatization
Day 10 Nandanvan – Summit Camp (root open) – Base Camp 1
Day 12 Base Camp 1 – Summit Camp
Day 13 Climbing period /root open and wait for weather with High altitude guide and HAP (sherpa)
Day 23 Summit camp
Day 24 Base Camp
Day 25 Rest in Base Camp
Day 26 Bhojwasa
Day 27 Bhojwasa – Uattarkashi
Day 28 Uttarkashi – Rishikesh
Day 29 Rishikesh – Delhi then fly back to own country
Best Season – after 25 May – last week of June

15 Sep. – 10 Oct. Note :- IMF provide permission only 09 person for climbing in one expedition rest will get permission as a trekker but they will live together with group entire program

Delhi Hotel to IMF for briefing and back and to IMF again for de briefing
- Delhi to trek beginning point and back to Delhi transfers
- Transfer to international airport in Delhi after the trip
- Transportation of porters from Uttarkashi to Uttarkashi for 2 times in tourist transport.

Accommodation with all meals till base camp

- Hotels as per the program
- Trekking duration camps with all meals

Staff (Porters/ cooks/ kitchen helpers/ trekking guides)

- Low altitude Porters for the trekking part only till base camps
- High Altitude Porters with every expedition team from BC to BC
- Cook (02) from trek beginning to trek end including BC days with kitchen helper
- Trekking guide (01) from trek beginning point to BC and back to trek end point

Equipment

- Trekking tents till base camp for the members
- Trekking tent for cook+ helper and LO at base camp for the full expedition
- Ground mattresses
- Kitchen tent, chairs, tables, stools, utensils, crockery and cutlery
- Toilet tents and toiletries till base camp

Administrative assistance to the expedition team

- IMF formalities
- Uttarakhand government formalities
- Environment fees of the porters
- Insurance of the staff and porters if anyone not already insured by us

Suggestions about FOOD during higher camps

- Kindly get the details separately if you want us to provide food during higher camps.

Mountaineering or mountain climbing

Mountaineering is the sport, hobby or profession of hiking, skiing, and climbing mountains. While mountaineering began as attempts to reach the highest point of unclimbed big mountains it has branched into specializations that address different aspects of the mountain and consists of three areas: rock-craft, snow-craft and skiing, depending on whether the route chosen is over rock, snow or ice. All require experience, athletic ability, and technical knowledge to maintain safety.
Mountaineering is often called Alpinism, especially in European languages, which implies climbing high mountains with difficulty such as the Alpines. A mountaineer with such great skill is called Alpinist. The word alpinism was born in the 19th century to refer to climbing for the purpose of enjoying climbing itself as a sport or recreation, distinct from merely climbing while hunting or as a religious pilgrimage that had been done generally at that time.

Technique
Snow
Compacted snow conditions allow mountaineers to progress on foot. Frequently crampons are required to travel efficiently over snow and ice. Crampons have 8-14 spikes and are attached to a mountaineer’s boots. They are used on hard snow (neve) and ice to provide additional traction. Using various techniques from alpine skiing and mountaineering to ascend/descend a mountain is a form of the sport by itself, called ski mountaineering. Ascending and descending a snow slope safely requires the use of an ice axe and many different footwork techniques that have been developed over the past century, mainly in Europe. The progression of footwork from the lowest angle slopes to the steepest terrain is first to splay the feet to a rising traverse, to kicking steps, to front pointing the crampons. The progression of ice axe technique from the lowest angle slopes to the steepest terrain is to use the ice axe first as a walking stick, then a stake, then to use the front pick as a dagger below the shoulders or above, and finally to swinging the pick into the slope over the head. These various techniques may involve questions of differing ice-axe design depending on terrain, and even whether a mountaineer uses one or two ice axes. Anchors for the rope in snow are sometimes unreliable, and include the snow stakes, called pickets, deadmandevices called flukes which are fashioned from aluminium, or devised from buried objects that might include an ice axe, skis, rocks or other objects.Bollards, which are simply carved out of consolidated snow or ice, also sometimes serve as anchors.
Glaciers
When travelling over glaciers, crevasses pose a grave danger. These giant cracks in the ice are not always visible as snow can be blown and freeze over the top to make a snowbridge. At times snowbridges can be as thin as a few inches. Climbers use a system of ropes to protect themselves from such hazards. Basic gear for glacier travel includes crampons and ice axes. Teams of two to five climbers tie into a rope equally spaced. If a climber begins to fall the other members of the team perform a self-arrest to stop the fall. The other members of the team enact a crevasse rescue to pull the fallen climber from the crevasse.
Shelter
“Base camp” redirects here. For the online project manager, see Basecamp (software). For the live music service, see Base camp Productions.
Climbers use a few different forms of shelter depending on the situation and conditions. Shelter is a very important aspect of safety for the climber as the weather in the mountains may be very unpredictable. Tall mountains may require many days of camping on the mountain.
Base Camp
The “Base Camp” of a mountain is an area used for staging an attempt at the summit. Base camps are positioned to be safe from the harsher conditions above. There are base camps on many popular or dangerous mountains. Where the summit cannot be reached from base camp in a single day, a mountain will have additional camps above base camp. For example, the southeast ridge route on Mount Everest has Base Camp plus (normally) camps I through IV.

Tent
Night Camp at Mount Whitney
Tents are the most common form of shelter used on the mountain. These may vary from simple tarps to much heavier designs intended to withstand harsh mountain conditions. In exposed positions, windbreaks of snow or rock may be required to shelter the tent. One of the downsides to tenting is that high winds and snow loads can be dangerous and may ultimately lead to the tent’s failure and collapse. In addition, the constant flapping of the tent fabric can hinder sleep and raise doubts about the security of the shelter. When choosing a tent, alpinists tend to rely on specialized mountaineering tents that are specifically designed for high winds and moderate to heavy snow loads. Tent stakes can be buried in the snow (“dead man”) for extra security.

Ice slopes
Mountaineers descending mixed rock, snow and ice slope in winter High Tatras.
For travel on slopes consisting of ice or hard snow, crampons are a standard part of a mountaineer’s equipment. While step-cutting can sometimes be used on snow slopes of moderate angle, this can be a slow and tiring process, which does not provide the higher security of crampons. However, in soft snow or powder, crampons are easily hampered by balling of snow, which reduces their effectiveness. In either case, an ice axe not only assists with balance but provides the climber with the possibility of self-arrest in case of a slip or fall. On a true ice slope however, an ice axe is rarely able to effect a self-arrest. As an additional safety precaution on steep ice slopes, the climbing rope is attached to ice screws buried into the ice.

Snow slopes
Part of the Haute Route between Franceand Switzerland; two alpinists can be seen following the trail in the snow.
Snow slopes are very common, and usually easy to ascend. At the foot of a snow or ice slope is generally a big crevasse, called a bergschrund, where the final slope of the mountain rises from a snow-field or glacier. Such bergschrunds are generally too wide to be stepped across, and must be crossed by a snow bridge, which needs careful testing and a painstaking use of the rope. A steep snow slope in bad condition may be dangerous, as the whole body of snow may start as an avalanche. Such slopes are less dangerous if ascended directly, rather than obliquely, for an oblique or horizontal track cuts them across and facilitates movement of the mass. New snow lying on ice is especially dangerous. Experience is needed for determining the feasibility of advancement over snow in doubtful condition. Snow on rocks is usually rotten unless it is thick; snow on snow is likely to be sound. A day or two of fine weather will usually bring new snow into sound condition. Snow cannot lie at a very steep angle, though it often deceives the eye as to its slope. Snow slopes seldom exceed 40°. Ice slopes may be much steeper. Snow slopes in early morning are usually hard and safe, but the same in the afternoon are quite soft and possibly dangerous; hence the advantage of an early start.

Weather
The primary dangers caused by bad weather centre around the changes it causes in snow and rock conditions, making movement suddenly much more arduous and hazardous than under normal circumstances.
Whiteouts make it difficult to retrace a route while rain may prevent taking the easiest line only determined as such under dry conditions. In a storm the mountaineer who uses a compass for guidance has a great advantage over a merely empirical observer. In large snow-fields it is, of course, easier to go wrong than on rocks, but intelligence and experience are the best guides in safely navigating objective hazards.
Summer thunderstorms may produce intense lightning. If a climber happens to be standing on or near the summit, they risk being struck. There are many cases where people have been struck by lightning while climbing mountains. In most mountainous regions, local storms develop by late morning and early afternoon. Many climbers will get an “alpine start”; that is before or by first light so as to be on the way down when storms are intensifying in activity and lightning and other weather hazards are a distinct threat to safety. High winds can speed the onset of hypothermia, as well as damage equipment such as tents used for shelter. Under certain conditions, storms can also create waterfalls which can slow or stop climbing progress.

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